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Scientific/Medical Question 18
Are you aware of any countries which have a legal market for live organs (ie. Where organs can be bought and sold by living individuals)?
Regarding a legal market for organs, I believe that Iran has such a policy where non-essential organs can be sold by living individuals. The potential benefits to this are a greater supply of organs with Iran having generally high rates of organ transplants, as well as adhering to religious restrictions where organs cannot be donated after death. Additionally, this helps to eliminate the ‘black market’ for live organs which is increasingly prevalent worldwide. A potential disadvantage of this, is that it is arguably a policy which may pressure the poorer members of society to donate their non-essential organs (eg. one kidney) in order to sustain their livelihood, rather than due to a true desire to donate an organ.